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Key Stage 4 Overview

The overarching aim for English at KS4 is to create enthusiastic, independent, imaginative, critical and analytical readers. Our curriculum aims to increase students’ enjoyment of reading, helping to nurture a lifelong appreciation of literature. Students should recognise the impact of language, structure and form on a text, whilst also demonstrating the ability to read easily, fluently and with good understanding. Our department seeks to develop the habit of reading widely and often, for both pleasure and the acquisition of information, with texts of all types and genres. This will help our students to:

  • Acquire a wider working vocabulary, an understanding of grammar and knowledge of linguistic conventions that will equip them for all aspects of their working and academic lives.
  • Appreciate our rich and varied literary heritage, celebrating all that is best in our literary canon and fostering an enthusiasm for authors, poets and playwrights that will stay with our students beyond their school career. From Shelley to Shakespeare, Larkin to Dickens, we hope that our students will love literature for life.
  • Write clearly, accurately and coherently, adapting their language and style for a range of contexts, purposes and audiences. We prioritise the ability to communicate in all forms which will equip our students for life beyond Thornleigh and the wider working world.
  • Use discussion in order to learn; they should be able to elaborate and explain clearly their understanding and ideas. We aim to provide our students with multiple opportunities to be competent in the art of effective speaking and purposeful listening, both in personal presentations and in group discussions/creative drama work.

The KS4 curriculum in English is constructed of the following components, culminating in entry for the EDUQAS English Language and EDUQAS English Literature examinations.

Years 10 and 11

Our older students will follow a bespoke programme of study that builds to meet the demands of the EDUQAS Language and Literature specifications. Although these elements will be common to all and evident in teaching, their chronological order will depend on the specific pathway that a student follows. However, all students can be tracked through a comprehensive curriculum map that includes:

Literature Based Activities:


Year 10 Literature

An Inspector Calls - Students will have the opportunity to revisit the plot and will focus on characterisation and key themes presented In the play.

A Christmas Carol - Students will read the full novella, focussing on plot, character and context.  They will also study key themes.

Macbeth - Students will study the whole play, focussing on plot, character and context. They will also study key themes and begin to learn key quotes. 

Poetry Anthology - Students will study and analyse the ‘people’, ‘nature’ and ‘power’ poems in this section of the anthology. An unseen poem strategy will also be used.


Year 10 Language

ReadingStudents will be identifying implicit and explicit meaning in both fiction and non-fiction texts. They will begin to learn how to analyse writer’s craft.

Writing - Narrative writing skills and transactional writing skills.


Year 11 Literature

An Inspector Calls - Further study comprises a consolidation of knowledge through extract-based analysis which widens to encompass key themes and authorial intent. Students will be expected to know the plot structure in detail and to be able to express their ideas confidently without the text in front of them.

A Christmas Carol - Students will work towards answering a question that commences with an extract and then widens to encompass the events of the whole text, taking into account the social and historical context of the novella.

Macbeth - Students will be expected to know the plot structure in detail and to be able to express their ideas confidently without the text in front of them. Students will be taught how to deal with an extract from the text and also how to answer a whole play question.

EDUQAS Poetry Anthology - Students will revisit the ‘people’, ‘nature’ and ‘power’ poems in this section of the anthology and learn how to write a single poem analysis and also how to write a comparative essay.

Unseen Poetry -Students will be building confidence through our continual modelling of how to access meaning through the language and structure of a poem. This will lead to comparing the ideas conveyed in two poems written about a similar theme.


Year 11 Language

Reading - Students will study a range of 19th century and modern non-fiction and fiction texts. They will learn how to comment on writer’s craft. Students will be analysing the variety of techniques employed by a writer to convey an idea or message in both fiction and non-fiction texts. Our students will be recognising how their key messages and ideas are implicitly conveyed.


Narrative writing skillsStudents will be guided on how to create and craft a short piece of narrative writing to fit a prescribed title. Our students need to learn to create a coherent and engaging narrative under timed conditions and are given many creative and diverse opportunities to do so.

Transactional writingUsing a variety of style models, students will study how to create, craft and structure formal letters, speeches, reports, reviews, magazine articles and the text of persuasive leaflets.